Pruning is important for the health of you tree. Contrary to the popular belief, pruning doesn’t jump improve the look, but also helps your tree stay healthy. However, tree pruning requires some prior knowledge so that you don’t harm the tree while doing so.
To help you in this regard, given below are some tips on pruning for novices.
- Tree Pruning Starts With Observing: The first thing you should do before starting with the pruning process is to stand back and observe the tree from all angle.
Have a good look at the tree and decide the shape that would suit it the best. Next, thoroughly concentrate on the tangled branches and mark the points where you wish to cut. Remember that several smaller cuts are better than one big cut, so make sure you plan accordingly.
- Dead Branches or Branches too close: The first priority when pruning a tree should be to get rid of rotten and dead branches. This is necessary to maintain the health and look of your tree. The next step should be to separate branches that are too close to each other. Doing this will make more room for light and airflow, putting the tree in a better position to fight diseases and be healthy.
- Know How to Cut: Tree pruning is a process which requires attention and patience. You need to be careful how and where you cut the tree. One wrong mark may cause huge damage to the tree. The correct way of making a cut is to measure. An ideal cut is one which is made close to the bud, branch or trunk; however, it shouldn’t be too close either.
Keep a distance. There are certain areas which are sensitive such as the collar because it contains hormones which contribute to the healing of wounds. So make sure you don’t damage that.
- The Art of Cutting Larger Branches: Branches that are large and thick ( 3 or more cm) are not easy to cut. You need to hold the branch with one hand and cut with the other. This can be complicated and requires special cutting technique.
This technique involves making several cuts so that the bark doesn’t tear. The first cut is made on the underside of the branch, some 40 cm away from the trunk. Keep cutting until the branch starts to sag and your saw gets trapped. The second cut should be made on the top of the branch, some 45 cm away from the trunk; this won’t trap your cutting tool and will easily help you cut off larger branches with great ease.
- When to Prune: The right time depends on several things, most importantly the condition of the tree. If there are tonnes of dead branches, then it would be wise to prune right away instead of waiting for the right season. Not doing so may cause the tree to get contaminated.